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Leading figures in Egyptian presidential candidates

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Lankamuslim.com: A presidential election is expected to be held in Egypt in October or November 2011.It will be the second presidential election in Egypt’s history, following the 2005 election and presidential confirmation referenda in 1999, 1993, and earlier. Hosni Mubarak had been President from 1981, following the assassination of Anwar Sadat, until his forced resignation in February 2011

many figures join a long list of candidates for Egypt’s top post. Leading among presidential candidates are Prominent Muslim scholar Mohamed Selim Al-Awa and former chief of the UN nuclear watchdog Mohamed ElBaradei and outgoing Arab League chief Amr Moussa and A senior member of Egypt’s Muslim Brotherhood Abdel Moneim Abul Fotouh

The Muslim Brotherhood, Egypt’s most powerful opposition group, has said it will not field candidates in the coming presidential elections. but some Egypt meida says that the Muslim Brotherhood welcomes the Prominent Muslim scholar Mohamed Selim Al-Awa and it dismiss Dr. Abdel Moneim Abul Fotouh who announced that he will run for president.

Mohamed Selim Al-Awa
It is learnt that Prominent Muslim scholar graduated from the Faculty of Law, Alexandra University, Awa is one of Egypt’s most acknowledged lawyers who specializes in constitutional law. His book Fil Nizam Al-Siyasi lil Dawla Al-Islamiya (On the Political System of the Islamic State) is one of the most comprehensive studies of the concept of the Islamic state and rule.

Awa obtained two diplomas in usul al-fiqh (Islamic jurisprudence) and was appointed at the office of the prosecutor-general and then enrolled as a PhD student at Alexandria University.

But he lost his job over allegations that he was a member of the then banned Muslim Brotherhood in 1965. Later, Awa gained a place at the School of Oriental and African Studies (SOAS), University of London, as a PhD candidate.

He earned his degree in 1972 for a comparative study of systems of penalties in Islamic and Anglo-Saxon legal systems. Awa later moved to the Gulf where he helped establish departments of law at several universities before returning to Egypt in 1985 to teach constitutional law at Zaqaziq University.

Emerging as a public figure who sought to apply Islam’s message to contemporary issues, Awa got involved in several public activities and debates as part of a long process of research into the meaning of state in the Islamic political thought. Awa authored several books tackling how to reform Islamic thought and institutions.

For example, his book Azmat Al-Mu’assasa Al-Diniya (The Crisis of the Religious Establishment) offers a critical approach of the state of Egypt’s religious establishments — Al-Azhar, Al-Awqaf (Ministry of Religious Endowments) and Dar Al-Iftaa.

His 1998 award-winning book Al- Fiqh Al-Islami fi Tariq Al-Tajdeed (Islamic Jurisprudence on the Path of Renewal) earned him the title of the Arab thinker of the year back then.

He also served as the secretary-general of the International Union for Muslim Scholars (IUMS) from 2004 to 2010.

Abdel Moneim Abul Fotouh
A senior member of Egypt’s Muslim Brotherhood Abdel Moneim Abul Fotouh  to run for the country’s presidential elections. “I will run as an independent candidate in the coming presidential elections,” Abdel Moneim Abul Fotouh told Reuters.

“I am not a member of any party now.” He said accourding to the MP news, The Muslim Brotherhood’s Shura Council  voted on Saturday to dismiss Dr. Abdel Moneim Abul Fotouh who announced that he will run for president in defiance of the unanimous decision by the Muslim Brotherhood’s Shura Council not to field candidates for the upcoming presidential elections.

Abdel Moneim Abul Fotouh 60 A doctor by profession, is currently secretary-general of the Arab Doctors Union Abul-Futuh is a former member of the Brotherhood’s Shura Council, but not the 16-member governing body.

A poll published on April 22 in the state-run Ahram newspaper showe dAbdel Moneim Abul Fotouh and Moussa, with the highest voter support at 20 percent, while ElBaradei had 12 percent support.

Mohamed ElBaradei
Mohamed ElBaradei is a  law scholar and diplomat. He was the Director General of the International Atomic Energy Agency. Born in Egypt in 1942, He began his career in the Egyptian Ministry of Foreign Affairs in 1964, and was a member of Egypt’s permanent mission to the United Nations in New York and Geneva.

In 1980, ElBaradei, who holds a doctorate in international law, became a senior fellow in charge of the International Law Program at the UN’s Institute for Training and Research.

In 1984, ElBaradei, joined the IAEA and became the director general of the UN nuclear watchdog in 1997. He was re-elected twice for two more terms in 2001 and 2005. he has a rocky history with the U.S. government and supports some policies that do not support current U.S. foreign policy towards stability in the Middle Eastformer Israeli Deputy Prime Minister Shaul Mofaz has called for ElBaradei to be impeached

During his tenure, he employed diplomacy to deal with nuclear rows over Iraq, North Korea and Iran. ElBaradei was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 2005 for his efforts to prevent proliferation of nuclear weapons.

Since he left the IAEA in November 2009, ElBaradei championed calls for democratic change and political reform in the Arab world’s most populous country.

He formed the National Coalition for Change, which brings together a host of Egypt’s opposition groups, to demand democratic reforms in Egypt.

Amr Moussa
Arab League Secretary General Amr Moussa too to run in Egypt’s presidential elections Moussa hinted that he expects a strong competition from the Muslim Brotherhood, the biggest opposition group in the country.

“The Muslim Brotherhood is a power that should not be underestimated,” he said. “It has become a legitimate group and can have a role in shaping the public opinion.” A charismatic longtime diplomat, Moussa, 74, has been widely seen as a strong candidate to become the next president of Egypt.

He served as Egypt’s ambassador to India and the United Nations before being appointed by Mubarak as foreign minister in 1991, a post he held for 10 years from 1991 to 2001 Moussa rose to popularity due to his frequent sharp criticism of US support for Israel and Israel’s treatment of the Palestinians.

Egyptians were excited to see Moussa in 2000 ferociously arguing with then Israeli foreign minister Shlomo Ben-Ami in defense of the Palestinians

In 2001, Moussa was picked by Mubarak for the post of the pan-Arab body’s chief, a decision many Egyptians believed that it was motivated by Mubarak’s desire to remove him from the public spotlight.

Moussa has supported the popular protests that ousted Mubarak and insisted that Egypt needed to move directly to democracy.

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Written by lankamuslim.com

June 19, 2011 at 10:26 pm

Posted in Articles

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